An important method of waste management is the prevention of waste material being created, also known as waste reduction. this might be done by reusing second-hand products, repairing broken items instead of buying new, designing products to be refillable or reusable (such as cotton instead of plastic shopping bags, encouraging consumers to avoid using disposable products (such as disposable cutlery), and designing products that use less material to achieve the same purpose (for example, lightweighting of beverage cans).
The UK Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) is trying t reduce waste through setting targets for local authorities. These are explained below:
In order to encourage local authorities to reduce their landfill and increase rates of recycling, the government has designated certain authorities as Beacon authorities for Waste Disposal. Cambridgeshire and Peterborough is one of those. This area includes some rural areas as well as the contrasting tows of Cambridge (an ancient university town which has grown very rapidly as a centre of high-tech industry in the last 30 years or so) and Peterborough (which has also grown very rapidly since being designated as a ne town in 1967).
Two of their schemes are descried here and a third is referenced below. These range from a major authority-wide initiative to very locally based work.
The schemes – their major new recycling plan and EARP – the scheme to recycle electrical appliances